This web page will show how, and where NASA faked the lunar approach, lunar orbit, lunar landing, and lunar take off, for all the Apollo Moon landing videos. Contrary to what many believe, the sequences were not shot in a desert, Hollywood studio, or Area 51. There may have been the odd picture taken at Area 51, and a few Apollo pictures that were taken in some remote desert, but the majority of stills and video were performed at Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia.
Scientists at NASA knew in the early 60s that a manned mission to the Moon was impossible within 8 years, and a plan to fake the Moon landings was put into operation. NASA's fake Moon pictures were taken at various locations such as KSC, JSC, LRC, and of course the odd one or two desert locations. I would also like to point out to that the art of faking both still photographs, and movie film is as old as photography and film itself.
The 1930's film "King Kong" showed a huge gorilla scaling up the Empire State building. If it's on film are we led to believe it's real? No of course not, but that is exactly what PAN's, (Pro Apollo Nutters) are claiming. Their ridiculous debunking claim is that digital manipulation of photographs and film was not available back in the 1960's, but they did not have digital artifacts back in 1930 when the film "King Kong" was made.
Langley is NASA's space research facility, and staff are sworn to secrecy. All files pertaining to the Apollo (fake Moon missions) are stored there and not due for declassification until 2026. Other artifacts including the burnt out Apollo 1 capsule which killed Grissom, Chaffe and White. They have the facilities to perform anything, fake backgrounds, simulated orbiters etc. First piece of evidence is the large 250 foot traverse crane shown below. Notice fake Moon crater surface created beneath the crane.
This crane was purposely built in 63/64 to perfect the lunar landing as close as possible to the real thing, and used to suspend both the LM and astronauts. It enabled movement of the LM in all directions, ie, up down, left right, forward and reverse. Trial runs were so good NASA, opted to use the setup for faking the film of lunar landing, and take off, whereby the flag is blown over. Bobby Braun claims the idea was to teach the astronauts how to land a rocket propelled LM. However no rocket powered LM was ever suspended from this crane. In any case anyone with the slightest gumption knows that it is impossible to control a rocket engine. The LM was controlled purely by traverse and lowering, in the same way as a conventional crane.
The film shown to public of the LM supposedly blasting off from the Moon's surface was also created beneath this crane at LRC. The mock LM was simply attached to the crane, and hoisted very rapidly at the same time a pathetic looking blast off sparks was enacted beneath it. The film was then speeded up for showing to the public, and it is interesting to note that the camera filming this sequence cut short once the LM had reached the crane maximum height. In other words why didn't the camera continue to film the LM until it was out of view? Because it was not possible under the circumstances in which the "lift off" was faked.
The far right picture above is a time lapse sequence taken at night. Notice spotlights on crane gantry, and how it illuminates the ground surface. The mock LM was traversed full length of crane, and simultaneously lowered at the same time in order to create an authentic looking lunar landing, when viewed from within the mock LM itself. Power supply to the mock LM was by cable from crane tower.This enabled a large fan, (fitted beneath the mock LM), to create the dust scatter effect of a rocket engine as it descended to the fake Moon surface.
The above pictures were taken by Bob Nye on June 20 1969, one month before Armstrong, err, supposedly stepped on the Moon. Picture on right shows the lander hovering above fake Moon crater surface beneath the crane. Believe me folks this is how it was done, even if Pro Apollo Nutters say no way. Picture on left, taken at night, looks like a realistic Moon setting. I am in no doubt that some out there would actually say this photo was taken on the Moon. I have heard so many ridiculous comments from the Pro Apollo Nutters that nothing would surprise me.
This picture shows Armstrong at the site in January 1970. This is 6 months after he supposedly landed on the Moon, and likewise Apollo 12 had done the same. Evidently he returned to the simulation site 6 months later to figure out how he could do it, having conned the world into believing he actually did land on Moon 6 months before this picture was taken.
Pictures below show how astronauts were suspended from the crane in order to simulate low gravity. They eventually settled for an upright position with the astronaut suspended by strong elastic/bungee cord, so that his feet were only just touching the ground, the same way as a baby bouncer. You can try it yourself by placing a given weight at the end of an elastic band. As the astronauts walked in a given direction, the overhead crane moved in the same direction. This enabled the astronauts to literally float along in a crude "Moon walk" fashion.
Here is another method NASA used to give the impression astronauts were in reduced gravity. A large helium filled balloon to take the weight of astronaut so that his feet were only just touching the ground. This was to give the impression astronaut was on the Moon, when in reality, they were acting it out at Langley Research Center at Virginia. Notice floodlight to create a fake sun, also fake Lunar Module, fake lunar soil, and boom camera so as to film the sequence, then dish it out to the media as genuine Moon footage.
The two pictures above are Youtube videos. The one on the left shows video footage shot from the LM being carried by the crane and traversed across the fake lunar surface. The video also shows footage from the camera mounted trolley scanning the Moon surface placards. The viewer should notice how the film stops, rotates though 180 degrees, and then continues in the direction it originated from. This is further detailed later on in the web page. It encapsulates all sequences at the Langley fake Moon studio, and also the exterior crane. Conclusive proof video footage is fake, but those comedians at NASA claim it as genuine footage from Apollo 8. The picture on right shows NASA attempting to simulate one sixth gravity by suspending the astronauts in a horizontal position. Click on pictures to view the videos.
Looking down from the top of the gantry on to the simulated Lunar Surface. James Hansen writes: "To make the simulated landings more authentic, [Donald] Hewes and his men filled the base of the huge eight-legged, red-and-white structure with dirt and modeled it to resemble the moons surface. They erected floodlights at the proper angles to simulate lunar light and installed a black screen at the far end of the gantry to mimic the airless lunar "sky." Hewes personally climbed into the fake craters with cans of everyday black enamel to spray them so that the astronauts could experience the shadows that they would see during the actual moon landing." (p. 375) From A.W. Vigil, "Piloted Space-Flight Simulation at Langley Research Center," Paper presented at the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1966 Winter Meeting, New York, NY, November 27 - December 1, 1966. "Ground-based simulators are not very satisfactory for studying the problems associated with the final phases of landing. This is due primarily to the fact that the visual scene cannot be simulated with sufficient realism. For this reason it is preferable to go to some sort of flight-test simulator which can provide real-life visual cues. One research facility designed to study the final phases of lunar landing is in operation at Langley. ... The facility is an overhead crane structure about 250 feet tall and 400 feet long. The crane system supports five-sixths of the vehicles weight through servo-driven vertical cables. The remaining one-sixth of the vehicle weight pulls the vehicle downward simulating the lunar gravitational force. During actual flights the overhead crane system is slaved to keep the cable near vertical at all times. A gimbal system on the vehicle permits angular freedom for pitch, roll, and yaw. The facility is capable of testing vehicles up to 20,000 pounds. A research vehicle, weighing 10,500 pounds fully loaded, is being used and is shown [in this picture]. This vehicle is provided with a large degree of flexibility in cockpit positions, instrumentation, and control parameters. It has main engines of 6,000 pounds thrust, throttle able down to 600 pounds, and attitude jets. This facility is studying the problems of the final 200 feet of lunar landing and the problems of maneuvering about in close proximity to the lunar surface." Published in James R. Hansen, Spaceflight Revolution: NASA Langley Research Center From Sputnik to Apollo, (Washington: NASA, 1995), pp. 373-378.
We now go inside the Langley Research Center complex itself to see how they faked the lunar approach and close orbit of the Moons surface. We've all seen film supposedly taken from LM as it approached the Moon, and then begin to orbit. The speed at which it changes from approach to lunar orbit is utterly ridiculous, as any craft traveling at that speed would crash straight into the Moon. No one could control a craft in such as way as shown in the film, and in reality no one did. The following pictures show exactly how it was done.
Size does matter believe me, especially when NASA want to create a fake lunar surface as shown in the above picture on left. It literally dwarfs the two men stood in front of it. It's unbelievable the time, trouble and expense that NASA incurred purely to fake the lunar missions. It was of course done purely to convince the world they were the leaders in space. This very large picture, and others were used in conjunction with a rail mounted camera, which also focused on a large rotating PLASTER PARIS model of the Moon, (shown on the right). NASA knew, after Kennedy's speech in 61, that a lunar landing before 1970 was impossible. Realizing this they had no option but to fake the missions. This was Project Apollo, whereby a program was launched at LRC to design props/backgrounds etc., to convince the media they had achieved the goal set by Kennedy.
The high resolution picture above left shows a 20' diameter sphere which can be rotated from below. In the left of that picture can be seen a huge blank placard. This is the scene before LRC staff began work on converting the sphere to an authentic looking Moon complete with craters, ( for lunar approach), and the placards were to be lunar orbit. Notice also the rail track around placards.
These placards formed a gigantic semi circle, which took up the length and breadth within the building. Note moving trolley on the track. This trolley, which had a movie camera mounted on it, was able to scan across the placards, so as to simulate a lunar orbit. When the camera reached the end of the placards it was able to swing through 180 degrees, move up, or down, and continue scanning the placards in reverse at a differing level. (See Youtube video above). Theoretically the camera on trolley, in addition to moving forwards and back, was able to zoom in and out, rotate through a full 360 degrees, and increase or decrease the height level. It first began to film the rotating sphere, (lunar approach), it then swung around and began scanning the fake lunar surface on placards, (lunar orbit).
The picture above right shows a section of the placards after modeling work. Pretty impressive eh? Notice how background is in complete dartkness. Remove that bloke from picture and you could easily pass this photo as being taken by the Apollo crew orbiting the Moon.
Picture above left is a view taken from cab of the crane, looking down onto fake lunar surface below. Picture above right shows Donald Hewes beneath the Langley crane. Hewes created the fake lunar surface, and was heavily involved in the fake lunar landing and lift off videos.
Still not convinced? Then maybe this NASA archive, dated 26 August 1969, and copied word for word, will change your mind. It relates to Donald Hewes, who oversaw operations/filming with the fake landing and take off. Read it, then think hard about it. Why were NASA faffing around with fake lunar landscapes, one month after Armstrong supposedly pulled it off for real? Answer, to make the fake film look ever more realistic, when future, higher quality images were broadcast to an already gullible audience:-
The pictures above show how LRC made "plaster paris" copies of the Moon craters on the placards. The guy on the left with dividers, is checking that craters are to scale, whilst the guy on the right is spraying the surface to create shadows and dark areas of the Moon, this info being obtained from high resolution images of the Moon, taken with high magnification telescopes.
Notice the sphere in left hand picture after modeling work. This sphere had a light inside, which shone through the translusent surface on the outside, and it enabled the model to have a bright appearance like the Moon itself. The large placards with Moon craters were also backlit with fluorescent tube lights.
Turn off all your lighting, and you end up with the picture shown below left. This is how the Moon would look in the void of space if you could get close enough to it, however no one, not even Armstrong could get anywhere near to the real thing.
The man stood on movie rail track with dividers, is Apollo Program Manager John W Paup. Paup's personality antagonized NASA staff to the point where they ordered Apollo Project Manager, Harrison Storms, to replace him. This he did in 1964, and Paup left NASA at the same time. Paup died at the tender age of 45, and six months before the launch of Apollo 8. It could be that as NASA were using the plaster paris models for showing to the public as being the 'real thing', Paup would immediately recognize the fakery, and as he had a grievance with NASA, he may well spill the beans on them. PAN's claim that if the missions were faked, then someone would have spoken out. Well if they are dead and gone before the very first fake Moon mission, they can't very well speak out can they?
NASA claim that picture above right is far side of Moon, taken by Apollo 8. Compare this sphere with one shown above it in the left hand picture. It speaks for itself does it not? In all of these pictures notice the black background. This of course made it easier for touching up photos to ensure that background space was indeed black.
The two pictures above prove that you do not need pressurized suits to create an authentic Moon approach or orbit. Take a film whilst approaching the plaster paris model, and it would be enough to convince a gullible audience that film was taken whilst approaching the Moon.
There was no need for NASA to land a man on the Moon before 1970, as the photograph above left shows. Project Apollo staff at Langley had a firm grip on it as early as 1964. Move out the way fellers, this is to be a picture taken by astronauts approaching the Moon.
Picture on right shows Charlie Duke (pointing), and John Young, at the simulator controls for lunar approach/orbit. The picture on TV screen is reminiscent of the pictures we saw on our TV screens. We were told it was the Moon, but the picture showing on TV screen in photograph is not the Moon. It is a camera filming the plaster paris model of Moon. Both John Young and Charlie Duke were heavily involved in faking of the Apollo Moon missions.
So there you have it. I have shown how NASA faked close lunar approach/orbit, and lunar landing and take off, so next time you see a film on TV of any Apollo craft supposedly approaching, orbiting, landing on, or taking off from the Moon, you will know exactly how it was done. However there is more NASA fakery involved in filming the Moon from a much greater distance. You've probably seen the "Incriminating Footage" albeit (Pretty boring eh) video on YT which was supposed to be the Apollo crew filming the Moon from a distance. This video claims to show Earth's shadow moving across the Moons surface, so as to prove it was genuine. Unfortunately, just like other NASA Moon videos, the film is fake, and the pictures below show how it was achieved.
(Top left) Preparing the projection of the Earths shadow (when the lab was still illuminated). Notice camera shrouded in a black cloak, with the lens pointing at a picture of the Moon. The lab lighting was turned off to achieve the objective required.
(Top right) Micro metric system (with vernier) to move the Earths shadow across picture of the Moon.